Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historical essayist, social critic, and political activist. Often referred to as “the father of modern linguistics” Chomsky is one of the most cited scholars in modern history. He is a Laureate Professor of Linguistics at the University of Arizona and an Institute Professor Emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). As one of the most influential public intellectuals in the world, he has written more than 100 books. Chomsky has not only transformed the field of linguistics, his work has influenced fields such as cognitive science, philosophy, psychology, computer science, mathematics, childhood education, and anthropology.